Under the leadership of President Donald J. Trump, the United States renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement and replaced it with an updated and balanced agreement that works much better for North America, the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which came into effect on July 1, 2020. The USMCA is a mutually beneficial benefit to workers, farmers, farmers and businesses in North America. The agreement creates more balanced and reciprocal trade that supports high-paying jobs for Americans and cultivates the North American economy. The original NAFTA labour and environmental provisions were added in the form of subsidiary letters after the signing of the original agreement to win the support of Democrats and ensure the passage of the agreement under the Clinton administration. The U.S.M.C.A. defers these chapters to the main part of the trade agreement, which means that issues such as the right to organization are now subject to the normal procedures of the Dispute Settlement Pact. The agreement is the result of a renegotiation between the member states of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which gave informal agreement on 30 September 2018 and officially on 1 October under the new agreement.  The USMCA was proposed by U.S.
President Donald Trump and signed on November 30, 2018 by Trump, Mexican President Enrique Pea Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as a secondary event of the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires. A revised version was signed on December 10, 2019 and ratified by the three countries, with final ratification (Canada) taking place on March 13, 2020 just before the Canadian Parliament adjourned due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, the chapter has the strongest trade secrets protection of a previous U.S. trade agreement. It includes all the following safeguards against the misuse of trade secrets, including by state-owned enterprises: civil proceedings and remedies, criminal proceedings and sanctions, prohibitions on obstruction of the licensing of trade secrets, judicial proceedings to prevent the disclosure of trade secrets during the judicial proceedings and sanctions against government officials for unauthorized disclosure of trade secrets. On December 12, 2019, the Mexican Senate adopted the revised treaty by 107 votes to 1.  On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its readiness to implement the agreement and joined Canada, although it requested that its auto industry have additional time to comply with the agreement.  In addition to the construction of the existing NAFTA, merged with elements of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the new USMCA, which has just been adopted by the U.S. Congress, also includes elements of the “Beyond the Border” agreement signed by Prime Minister Stephen Harper and former President Barack Obama, including the “Single Window” initiative and the folding of the Regulatory Cooperation Council in Chapter 28 of the new agreement.
 Us-Handelsministerium (www.trade.gov/export-solutions) On this occasion, Us Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the U.S. treaty implementation authority, launched the USMCA Center to coordinate CBP`s implementation of the contract in the United States. According to CBP, the agreement modernizes “certain NAFTA provisions that reflect the evolution of 21st century technology and supply chain” and “provides more efficient trade, greater implementation and more economic opportunities for North America.” The USMCA calls for “new approaches to rules of origin, access to agricultural markets, digital trade and financial services” and aims to protect workers` rights in key industries and strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights.